If you live in any of the lower 48 states, Canada or Alaska, at least one of the five North American fox species red, gray, kit, swift or arctic is your neighbor. … By the calendar on the wall, the red fox has made its home in North America for one heck of along time. Red foxes live around the world in many diverse habitats including forests, grasslands, mountains, and deserts. They also adapt well to human environments such as farms, suburban areas, and even large communities. The red fox’s resourcefulness has earned it a legendary reputation for intelligence and cunning.
Red foxes are solitary hunters who feed on rodents, rabbits, birds, and other small game but their diet can be as flexible as their home habitat. Foxes will eat fruit and vegetables, fish, frogs, and even worms. If living among humans, foxes will opportunistically dine on garbage and pet food. Like a cat’s, the fox’s thick tail aids its balance, but it has other uses as well. A fox uses its tail (or “brush”) as a warm cover in cold weather and as a signal flag to communicate with other foxes.
Most foxes are around the same size as medium-sized dogs. The fennec fox is the smallest living fox and doesn’t get any bigger than a cat about 9 inches (23 centimeters). Other species can grow to 34 inches (86 cm) from their head to their flanks. Their tails can add an additional 12 to 22 inches (30 to 56 cm) to their length. Since foxes are smaller mammals, they are also quite light. They can weight as little as 1.5 pounds (680 grams) and as much as 24 pounds (11 kilograms).